In 1573, a group of musicians and intellectuals came together to discuss various subjects, especially the desire to revive Greek drama. This group of individuals is known as the Florentine Camerata. They wanted lines to be sung instead of simply being spoken. From this came the opera which existed in Italy around 1600. The composer Claduio Monteverdi was an important contributor, specifically his opera Orfeo; the first opera to gain public acclaim.
At first, the opera was only for the upper class or aristocrats but soon even the general public patronized it. Venice became the center of musical activity; in 1637, a public opera house was built there. Different singing styles were developed for the opera such as