In the arts, Baroque is a period as well as the style that used exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce drama, tension, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture, painting, literature, dance, and music. The style started around 1600 in Rome, Italy and spread to most of Europe. In music, the Baroque applies to the final period of dominance of imitative counterpoint, where different voices and instruments echo each other but at different pitches, sometimes inverting the echo, and even reversing thematic material.
One of the defining aspects of music of the Baroque era was its connection to an expression of liturgical themes. Since many important composers of the era were in the employ of the church in Europe, sacred music composed for specific religious occasions was the norm. The rationale for composing for many composers of the Baroque era was to honor God.